Theranostics 2019; 9(8):2380-2394. doi:10.7150/thno.29724
SIRT6, a novel direct transcriptional target of FoxO3a, mediates colon cancer therapy
1. Department of Laboratory Medicine, The Third Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha 410013, P.R. China
2. Department of Laboratory Medicine, Xiangya School of Medicine, Central South University, Changsha 410013, P.R. China
3. College of Biology, Hunan University, Changsha 410082, P.R. China
4. Shenzhen Institute, Hunan University, Shenzhen 518000, P.R. China
5. State Key Laboratory of Molecular Vaccinology and Molecular Diagnosis & Center for Molecular Imaging and Translational Medicine, School of Public Health, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361102, P.R. China
6. Department of Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450052, P.R. China
Zhang Y, Nie L, Xu K, Fu Y, Zhong J, Gu K, Zhang L. SIRT6, a novel direct transcriptional target of FoxO3a, mediates colon cancer therapy. Theranostics 2019; 9(8):2380-2394. doi:10.7150/thno.29724. Available from http://www.thno.org/v09p2380.htm
SIRT6, NAD+-dependent deacetylase sirtuin 6, has recently shown to suppress tumor growth in several types of cancer. Colon cancer is a challenging carcinoma associated with high morbidity and death. However, whether SIRT6 play a direct role in colon tumorigenesis and the underlying mechanism are not understood.
Methods: To investigate the role of SIRT6 in colon cancer, we firstly analyzed the specimens from 50 colorectal cancer (CRC) patients. We generated shSIRT6 LoVo cells and xenograft mouse to reveal the essential role of SIRT6 in cell apoptosis and tumor growth. To explore the underlying mechanism of SIRT6 regulation, we performed FRET and real-time fluorescence imaging in living cells, real-time PCR, immunoprecipitaion, immunohistochemistry, flow cytometry and luciferase reporter assay.
Results: The expression level of SIRT6 in patients' specimens is lower than that of normal controls, and patients with higher SIRT6 level have a better prognosis. Here, we identified that transcriptional factor FoxO3a is a direct up-stream of SIRT6 and positively regulated SIRT6 expression, which in turn, promotes apoptosis by activating Bax and mitochondrial pathway. Functional studies reveal that Akt inactivation increases FoxO3a activity and augment its binding to SIRT6 promoter, leading to elevated SIRT6 expression. Knocking down SIRT6 abolished apoptotic responses and conferred resistance to the treatment of BKM120. Combinational therapies with conventional drugs showed synergistic chemosensitization, which was SIRT6-dependent both in vitro and in vivo.
Conclusion: The results uncover SIRT6 as a new potential biomarker for colon cancer, and its unappreciated mechanism about transcription and expression via Akt/FoxO3a pathway.
Keywords: SIRT6, FoxO3a, Akt, Colon cancer, Apoptosis