Theranostics 2019; 9(25):7474-7489. doi:10.7150/thno.35582 This issue

Research Paper

βKlotho is identified as a target for theranostics in non-small cell lung cancer

Fan Li1, Xiyao Li1, Ziming Li2, Wenxiang Ji2, Shun Lu2, Weiliang Xia1✉

1. State Key Laboratory of Oncogenes and Related Genes, Renji-Med X Clinical Stem Cell Research Center, Ren Ji Hospital, School of Medicine and School of Biomedical Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China
2. Shanghai Lung Cancer Center, Shanghai Chest Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China

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Li F, Li X, Li Z, Ji W, Lu S, Xia W. βKlotho is identified as a target for theranostics in non-small cell lung cancer. Theranostics 2019; 9(25):7474-7489. doi:10.7150/thno.35582. Available from

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Graphic abstract

Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) remains a great challenge, calling for the identification of novel molecular targets with diagnostic/therapeutic value. Here, we sought to characterize the expression of βKlotho and its anti-tumor roles in NSCLC.

Methods: The expression of βKlotho was examined in NSCLC cells and tissues by western blot, qRT-PCR and immunohistochemistry staining respectively. Biological roles of βKlotho were revealed by a series of functional in vitro and in vivo studies. Serum βKlotho concentrations of patients were measured using specific ELISA methods.

Results: Serum βKlotho concentrations of NSCLC patients were significantly lower than the control group. Moreover, βKlotho expression was negatively associated with lymph node metastasis, overall survival and progression-free survival. Overexpression of βKlotho or exogenous βKlotho administration inhibited the proliferation and migration of NSCLC cells, accompanied by induction of apoptosis, G1 to S phase arrest, and inactivation of ERK1/2, AKT and STAT3 signaling. Furthermore, βKlotho overexpression inhibited NSCLC tumor growth in vivo.

Conclusions: βKlotho serves as a novel target for theranostics in NSCLC, which has potential clinical applications in the future.

Keywords: βKlotho, non-small cell lung cancer, molecular target, apoptosis, theranostics