Theranostics 2019; 9(26):8206-8220. doi:10.7150/thno.37455
Ovarian cancer cell-secreted exosomal miR-205 promotes metastasis by inducing angiogenesis
1. Department of Pathology, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan 410078, P.R. China;
2. Department of Pathology, School of Basic Medical Science, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan 410013, P. R. China.
He L, Zhu W, Chen Q, Yuan Y, Wang Y, Wang J, Wu X. Ovarian cancer cell-secreted exosomal miR-205 promotes metastasis by inducing angiogenesis. Theranostics 2019; 9(26):8206-8220. doi:10.7150/thno.37455. Available from http://www.thno.org/v09p8206.htm
Background: By providing oxygen, nutrients and metastatic conduits, tumour angiogenesis is essential for cancer metastasis. Cancer cell-secreted microRNAs can be packaged into exosomes and are implicated in different aspects of tumour angiogenesis. However, the underlying mechanisms are incompletely understood.
Methods: The GEPIA database and in situ hybridization assay were used to analyse expression of miR-205 in ovarian tissues. Immunohistochemistry was performed to examine the relationship between miR-205 and microvessel density. Expression of circulating miR-205 was evaluated by RT-PCR and GEO database analysis. Co-culture and exosome labelling experiments were performed to assess exosomal miR-205 transfer from ovarian cancer (OC) cells to endothelial cells ECs. Exosome uptake assays were employed to define the cellular pathways associated with the endocytic uptake of exosomal miR-205. The role of exosomal miR-205 in angiogenesis was further investigated in vivo and in vitro. Western blotting and rescue experiments were applied to detect regulation of the PTEN-AKT pathway by exosomal miR-205 in ECs.
Results: miR-205 was up-regulated in OC tissues, and high expression of miR-205 was associated with metastatic progression in OC patients. Moreover, miR-205 was highly enriched in cancer-adjacent ECs, and up-regulation of miR-205 correlated positively with high microvessel density in OC patients. Importantly, miR-205 was markedly enriched in the serum of OC patients, and a high level of miR-205 in circulating exosomes was associated with OC metastasis. In addition, OC-derived miR-205 was secreted into the extracellular space and efficiently transferred to adjacent ECs in an exosome-dependent manner, and the lipid raft-associated pathway plays an important role in regulating uptake of exosomal miR-205. Exosomal miR-205 from OC cells significantly promoted in vitro angiogenesis and accelerated angiogenesis and tumour growth in a mouse model. Furthermore, we found that exosomal miR-205 induces angiogenesis via the PTEN-AKT pathway.
Conclusion: These findings demonstrate an exosome-dependent mechanism by which miR-205 derived from cancer cells regulates tumour angiogenesis and implicate exosomal miR-205 as a potential therapeutic target for OC.
Keywords: ovarian cancer, exosomes, miR-205, angiogenesis, metastasis