Theranostics 2020; 10(18):8061-8079. doi:10.7150/thno.42284

Review

Gold-based Inorganic Nanohybrids for Nanomedicine Applications

Xianguang Ding1, Dan Li2, Jiang Jiang3,4✉

1. Key Laboratory for Organic Electronics and Information Displays & Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Biosensors, Institute of Advanced Materials (IAM), Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Nanjing, 210023, China.
2. Department of Dermatology, Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital, The Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School, Nanjing, 210008, China.
3. i-Lab and Division of Nanobiomedicine, CAS Key Laboratory of Nano-Bio Interface, CAS Center for Excellence in Nanoscience, Suzhou Institute of Nano-Tech and Nano-Bionics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Suzhou, 215123, China.
4. School of Nano-Tech and Nano-Bionics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, 230026, China.

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Citation:
Ding X, Li D, Jiang J. Gold-based Inorganic Nanohybrids for Nanomedicine Applications. Theranostics 2020; 10(18):8061-8079. doi:10.7150/thno.42284. Available from http://www.thno.org/v10p8061.htm

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Abstract

Noble metal Au nanoparticles have attracted extensive interests in the past decades, due to their size and morphology dependent localized surface plasmon resonances. Their unique optical property, high chemical stability, good biocompatibility, and easy functionalization make them promising candidates for a variety of biomedical applications, including bioimaging, biosensing, and cancer therapy. With the intention of enhancing their optical response in the near infrared window and endowing them with additional magnetic properties, Au nanoparticles have been integrated with other functional nanomaterials that possess complementary attributes, such as copper chalcogenides and magnetic metal oxides. The as constructed hybrid nanostructures are expected to exhibit unconventional properties compared to their separate building units, due to nanoscale interactions between materials with different physicochemical properties, thus broadening the application scope and enhancing the overall performance of the hybrid nanostructures. In this review, we summarize some recent progresses in the design and synthesis of noble metal Au-based hybrid inorganic nanostructures for nanomedicine applications, and the potential and challenges for their clinical translations.

Keywords: Au nanoparticles, hybrid nanostructures, localized surface plasmon resonances, nanomedicine, theranostics