Theranostics 2022; 12(5):2445-2464. doi:10.7150/thno.70588 This issue

Review

The relevance of organelle interactions in cellular senescence

Jiewu Huang1*, Ping Meng2*, Cheng Wang3, Yunfang Zhang4, Lili Zhou1,5✉

1. State Key Laboratory of Organ Failure Research, National Clinical Research Center for Kidney Disease, Guangdong Provincial Clinical Research Center for Kidney Disease, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Nephrology, Division of Nephrology, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China.
2. Department of Central Laboratory, Huadu District People's Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China.
3. Division of nephrology, Department of medicine, the Fifth affiliated hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University, Zhuhai, Guangdong, China.
4. Department of Nephrology, Huadu District People's Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China.
5. Bioland Laboratory (Guangzhou Regenerative Medicine and Health Guangdong Laboratory), Guangzhou, China.
*These authors contribute equally to this work.

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Citation:
Huang J, Meng P, Wang C, Zhang Y, Zhou L. The relevance of organelle interactions in cellular senescence. Theranostics 2022; 12(5):2445-2464. doi:10.7150/thno.70588. Available from https://www.thno.org/v12p2445.htm

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Abstract

Graphic abstract

Organelles are tiny structures with specific functions in eukaryotic cells. Since they are covered with membranes, different organelles can perform biological processes that are incompatible. Organelles can also actively communicate with each other to maintain cellular homeostasis via the vesicular trafficking pathways and membrane contact sites (MCSs), which allow the exchange of metabolites and other information required for normal cellular physiology. An imbalance in organelle interactions may result in multiple pathological processes. Growing evidence shows that abnormal organelle communication contributes to cellular senescence and is associated with organ aging. However, the key role of organelle interactions in aging has not yet been broadly reviewed and fully investigated. In this review, we summarize the role of organelle interactions in cellular senescence, and highlight their relevance for cellular calcium homeostasis, protein and lipid homeostasis, and mitochondrial quality control. Our review reveals important mechanisms of organelle interactions in cellular senescence and provides important clues for intervention strategies from a new perspective.

Keywords: organelle, interaction, communication, MCSs, cellular senescence