Theranostics 2018; 8(4):1084-1105. doi:10.7150/thno.21740 This issue
1. Department of Neurosurgery, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, 110004, People's Republic of China;
2. Liaoning Clinical Medical Research Center in Nervous System Disease, Shenyang, 110004, People's Republic of China;
3. Key Laboratory of Neuro-oncology in Liaoning Province, Shenyang, 110004, People's Republic of China;
4. Department of Neurobiology, College of Basic Medicine, China Medical University, Shenyang, 110122, People's Republic of China;
5. Key Laboratory of Cell Biology, Ministry of Public Health of China, China Medical University, Shenyang, 110122, People's Republic of China;
6. Key Laboratory of Medical Cell Biology, Ministry of Education of China, China Medical University, Shenyang, 110122, People's Republic of China.
Rationale: PIWI-interacting RNAs (piRNAs), a class of newly discovered small RNA molecules that function by binding to the Argonaute protein family (i.e., the PIWIL protein subfamily), and long noncoding RNAs (lncRNA) are implicated in several cancers. However, the detailed roles of ncRNAs in glioma remain unclear.
Methods: The expression of PIWIL3, piR-30188, OIP5-AS1, miR-367, CEBPA and TRAF4 were measured in glioma tissues and cells. The role of PIWIL3/OIP5-AS1/miR-367-3p/CEBPA feedback loop was evaluated in cell and animal models. The association of the above molecules was analyzed.
Results: Over-expression of PIWIL3, piR-30188 and miR-367-3p or knockdown of OIP5-AS1 resulted in inhibition of glioma cells progression. Binding sites between piR-30188 and OIP5-AS1 as well as between OIP5-AS1 and miR-367-3p were confirmed by RNA immunoprecipitation and luciferase assays. OIP5-AS1 knockdown or miR-367-3p over-expression contributed to a decrease in CEBPA (CCAAT/enhancer binding protein alpha) protein. Furthermore, CEBPA was detected as a target of miR-367-3p and played an oncogenic role in glioma. Treatment with CEBPA and miR-367-3p resulted in the modulation of downstream TRAF4 (TNF receptor-associated factor 4). PIWIL3 was also a target of CEBPA, forming a positive feedback loop in the growth regulation of glioma cells. Significantly, knockdown of OIP5-AS1 combined with over-expression of PIWIL3 and miR-367-3p resulted in tumor regression and extended survival in vivo.
Conclusion: These results identified a novel molecular pathway in glioma cells that may provide a potential innovative approach for tumor therapy.